How to improve your range (both higher and lower)

Have you ever wondered that how these singers can fluctuate between high
frequency and low frequency in just a single breath as per the music beat, and when
try to sing the same, you just get stuck in the middle range without any composure
or whatsoever? And people who get obsessed with the song, end up mimicking that
song and aren’t unable to grasp any concept of saptak. As if it was that easy then
why did people join classical singing classes in the first place.
As taught in classical singing classes, Concept of saptak is a melodic concept related
to swara which is classified into three essential categories based on frequency. The
first is the Madhya saptak for medium range, second is mandra saptak for lower
frequency and last is tar saptak for higher frequency
Every classical singing classes states that the concept of the three saptak can be
roughly compared to the concept of three vocal registers.
 Madhya saptak is the frequency range in which a person can sing with ease, it
can be compared to the middle register or voice which is full throated and the
vibrations of the voice produced, resonates at the throat
 While the mandra saptak can be compared to the chest register or voice, which
indicates that while singing of the notes of this saptak, the resonance of the
voice produced is felt at the chest
 The taar saptak can be compared as the head register or voice because while
singing the notes of this saptak, the vibrations of the voice are resonated in the
cheek area of the head.
People in the classical singing classes teach the techniques to improve your voice
range in methods, which can be framed as –
1. Pick scales as per your compatibility
Based on three saptak, harmonium comprises of 12 keys with several scales based
on different gender types and their compatibility. So as a classical singing classes
would suggest, pick and choose scales that suits your vocal style.
2. Memorize each and every notes by frequency
Different swaras has been allocated different keys as per their frequency and saptak
classification. These keys range from low to high, so you memorize all the keys and
frequencies associated with it. Then you can start the real practice, suggested by
classical singing classes
3. Have a firm grip on Madhya saptak
Madhya saptak is the original saptak in which a person sings or start learning singing
and Madhya saptak is the very crucial part of the saptak family, which you absolutely
have to master it, because it’s the very basic taught by classical singing classes
4. Get a firm grip over kharaj
One of the toughest hurdle you are going to cross is, when you practice and perfect
‘kharaj’. Kharaj increases base in your voice and prepares you to move towards lower
range or frequency, something which is often taught in a classical singing classes
5. Align yourself from Madhya saptak to mandra saptak
After that classical singing classes will emphasize you to practice your swaras from
medium to low range, i.e. from Madhya saptak to mandra saptak.
6. Then move to taar saptak
Obviously the last step is to practice the taar saptak or the higher frequency but
wait, the proper technique to do so will be, start from Madhya saptak then go to
mandra saptak, then come back to Madhya saptak and now step towards taar saptak
and keep your practice in this format, as formulated by classical singing classes
7. Practice again and again
Learning this concept of high and low is simply not enough. You need to master
these saptak, until and unless you notice improvement in your voice range and
frequency. Keep on practicing it, until you get the concept of high and low,
Now you have a clear understanding of how much effort is involved in making your
range go high and low. You can’t pull something like this without any proper
guidance of classical singing classes. So get yourself enrolled in one, and start learn
aesthetics of classical music and its attributes, and follow on your dream to become
a real talented and skilled singer.